He was born around 1555 in the Italian city of Milan, in the province of Umbria. His parents were Alejandro Resta and Isabel Milach. He moved to Seville in 1585 with Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro.

As first documented works, he adds that unfortunately disappeared, you were hospitalized from Espírito Santo and Do Amor de Deus for those who were traced between 1587 and 1588, both of which were completed in 1602. They were expressly in charge of Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro, who was in charge of Hispanic archdiocese from 1582 to 1600.

He was appointed senior teacher of the Archbishopric of Seville in 1588. Between 1601 and 1603 he carried out some minor works and some commissions for the Alcazar and in 1603 he was appointed senior master of it.1 The role of this Milanese may have been to project only the facade of the church, since its composition, orders and decorative motifs of Italian progeny are clearly unmarked from the rest of the factory that follows the classical Mannerist conception. Its design does not correspond to the line that Ruiz, Tolosa or Monasterio followed. On the other hand, the acroteras and auction pyramids are surely designs added afterwards by the teachers who worked in the factory. The fact that he did not arrive in Monforte until the summer helps him as tracer of the facade of the church. of 1593, therefore exempt from controlling the collection of materials and the realization of the foundations, and thereafter remained 15 months, sufficient time to at least raise all the details of the facade, which is not known when it was finished , but it is known that it was before 1598, since at that time the facade of the College was finished off as it is exposed in the appraisal of Juan de Tolosa.

THE BOOK OF Fr. ESTEBAN NOW IN KINDLE VERSION, for sale for digital books.

2ª Edition EPUB

With the intention of disseminating the work of Fr. Este4ban Martínez and with the function of helping the Foundation’s projects, we have put the book of the 2nd edition of the History of the College of Nª Sª de la Antigua. We hope that many good readers will download their copy to know a little more about the history of this, which will soon be a new BIC building in Monforte de Lemos. We leave here the link to access this version.


In 1594 Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro decided to expand the original traces of the school with two extensions on both sides of the facade next to the corner towers. For this, two great Renaissance architects of one Spanish, the Jesuit Andrés Ruiz and another Italian Veremondo Resta, will be present in Monforte, coinciding in the city of Lemos with the Cardinal.

College of the Cardinal with the extensions in its extremes demanded by the Cardinal

This year, the Cardinal decides to undertake a trip to Galicia to meet the Jubilee and, at the same time, solve different issues concerning the foundation and the work that is being done in his great work. On May 22, part of the Hispanic city with direction to Madrid, among its companions is the architect Vermundo Resta. Once in this city the signing of the deed of the foundation takes place, dated June 11. It may be strange, but the implementation of the works precedes the confirmation of the foundation. At the beginning of July 1594 he resumed his trip to Galicia. Previously, the Milanese architect has had to leave for Monforte because on June 11 he attends the work by order of the Cardinal.

College of the Cardinal without the extensions in its extremes required by the Cardinal

This same year there is evidence of the presence of Jesuit Andrés Ruiz in Monforte once again serving as a senior teacher and “wearing the work. This teacher in the company of Vermundo Resta and, possibly, at the request of D. Rodrigo, still in Madrid, add two “quarters parts” to the original traceto go close to the towers of the main facade, by order of the Cardinal. The contract for this work is made on June 11 with the stonework teachers Pedro de Marlote and Juan de la Sierra.



In the light of the work entitled: “The town of Monforte in the light of the Cadastre of Ensenada (Part I)” An example of capital of a stately state “” by Rosa Mª Guntiñas Rodríguez, and specifically, in relation to the College of the Cardinal news of the first documents dating from January 1592 and refer to five sales of land (vineyards, orchards, “leiras” or farms) of individuals (a silversmith, a tailor of the “Arrabal” and a neighbor of “Remberde”) “) And of some houses of Francisco Díaz and Francisco Rodríguez, which had brought them up the monastery of S. Vicente del Pino but that” the Count of Lemos (…) on behalf of said Mr. Cardinal asked us to sell him and monastery has agreed to build a College of the Society of Jesus (…) on the bridge of S. Lázaro (…) where grammar is going to be read ”.

Documents that highlight, once again, that the monastery of S. Vicente del Pino would have facilitated, as it will do in the case of the Convent of the Poor Clares, the construction of the College. Purchases that are complemented in February 1593 with a donation of land by the Council so that the College “had on the facade and in front of the square” 190, the College “whose dedication has to be (…) Our Madame de la Antigua ”191 which seems to contradict the provisions of the 1741 County Relationship.

The promotion of the course 1966-1967 met in August, in Monforte to remember old times ….

Former students of the Scolapios, on the fiftieth anniversary of their promotion.

On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the promotion of the 1966-1967 academic year, a group of alumni from the Scolapios of that generation met again yesterday. In total, about forty former high school students attended the meeting.

The program began at 11 a.m. with a guided tour of Cardinal’s College. At twelve o’clock the attendees moved to the Abadía da Cova winery in Saviñao. After tasting a wine they returned to Monforte, where they had their meal scheduled at three in the afternoon at the Hotel Cardinal.

The idea came from Benxamín Macía and Jesús Ovidio Pérez Reñones, the promoters of this meeting. “Ten years ago we came up with the idea of ​​seeing each other. It had been forty years since I knew about you two others, so I decided to try to locate them all, although it was difficult. In 2007 we held the first meeting, ”explains Benxamín Macía.


The second edition of Fr. Esteban Martínez’s book on the Colegio de Nª Sª de la Antigua has just come to light. It will go on sale for € 12 VAT included in the reception of the school itself. For those from outside Monforte de Lemos who want to purchase a copy, they can request it by email as follows:

  1. Enter through the DONATE BUTTON of the website € 15 (12 + 3 shipping and handling). Paypal or Credit Card options
  2. Communicate through the following email that the entry has been made and add the postal data for proper delivery. If you want an invoice, add in this email the NIF.

We hope that this new edition is for all those interested in the Colegio de Nª Sª de la Antigua a source of satisfaction and joy.


By the will of Don Rodrigo, signed in Seville on August 12, 1598, it is known that “his factory and work is well advanced” and that the express will of the prelate was “to end and put all perfection according to and by trace , order and form that has begun and continues as and in the way that I have communicated “. In a deed granted a few months later, on April 19, 1600, the cardinal, who should feel his last hours approaching, orders that the church be given preference in the works and especially those of his burial. Don Rodrigo soon died. On September 18, 1600 he went on to a better life. Until 1603 his mortal remains were not transferred from Seville to the sepulcher of Santa María la Antigua, carved by Gregorio Español.

Valladolid, Iglesia de las Angustias where Juan de Nates worked

In great pregnancy and hurry he had to put those responsible for accelerating the works of the church the death of Diego Vélez, which occurred a little more or less by the same dates as that of the cardinal. By a document published by García Chico, about which Chueca Goitia attracts attention, it is known that Juan de Nates, the architect of Las Angustias, from Valladolid, and one of the most interesting figures of! group derived from the cathedral of Valladolid, was called to finish the church of Monforte, which left Diego Vélez unfinished. The document says: “I Juan de Nates, the neighboring architect of the city of Valladolid … I say that Diego Belez, master of the saying, my already deceased art took charge of making the third part of the church of the school of Our Lady of the Company of Jesus de Monforte .., in the kingdom of Galicia from which Mr. Rodrigo de Castro was founder. ” Cardinal and late archbishop … and I have been asked to take my charge to finish. … December 13, 1600 “.

Medal of Juan de Herrera, architect of Felipe II

Juan de Nates He learned the trade with his father in Valladolid, a city where he lived most of his life and where most of his works are registered. He is the son of Pedro Gómez de Nates and marries María de la Vega, daughter of Juan de la Vega, also a stonecutter and teacher of Juan de Nates himself. Disciple of Juan de Herrera, along with Juan Ribero de Rada, was the greatest diffuser of classicism in the North Plateau.



Mr. Manuel Ángel Feal Antelo tells us in his magnificent work entitled “THE COLLEGE OF THE CARDENAL DE MONFORTE DE LEMOS. EVOLUTION OF THE UNIVERSAL TRACE ”that before starting the works of our School an enemy came out, inside the house itself. It was the Monterrei College, in Verín, also run by the PP. Jesuits, who at the news of the Monforte construction project feared outside to their detriment. D. Mauel Feal tells us this:

Don Gaspar de Acevedo, V Count of Monterrey

“Although it may seem a lie, the first serious enemy of the College of Monforte was his fraternal colleague, the College de Monterrey. Perhaps the skirmish influenced the tension between the House of Monterrey and that of Lemos for a sound lawsuit that had been brought since the early sixteenth century. The truth is that Don Gaspar de Acevedo, V Count of Monterrey, upon learning that in Monforte he was trying to raise another College of the Company, he wrote to Fr. General, asking him “that the Monforte College not harm the General Studies from Monterrey”.

The response of Fr. General was logical and courteous: «Having already accepted the Company and the Cardinal’s foundation – he says on March 15, 1593 – no rate or limitation can be set, nor would it be fair. Nor do we see so much danger in this impediment. The Company, in the foundation of a College, cannot harm any other, nor its founder. But being the College of Monterrey, it will not be harmed by any of those that could be done in the contour ».

Ruins of the Monterrei College at the beginning of the 20th century

Meanwhile, things in Monforte were about. In April 1593, the Provincial informed Aquaviva with unusual optimism: «The Colegio de Monforte will be a matter of great substance. Then the work begins and is done as a thing of the Cardinal, as he suffers our way. If God gives it life, it will end in two or three years, because it takes great hurry and, even if it is not given, I trust it will be the same. It already has 30,000 ducats and more, for this purpose. And won the consensus of the abbots, will give 2,000 ducats of pension income to that College, which will soon take effect.

As you can see, Don Rodrigo had decided to raise the primitive income by 500 ducats. The Provincial, after affirming that in Monforte there were already two Fathers and a Brother of the Company, he added that he hoped to meet the Cardinal shortly, on his trip to Monforte, and arrange the founding deed. “And it is a wonderful thing,” he concludes, “the hobby he has for his school and the desire to see him, and they say that everything is to talk about this.”

After the expulsion of the Jesuits the Colegio de Monterrei was abandoned and its stone was used to pave the streets of Verín.


Brief Summary of the activities that on the occasion of the celebration of the IV Centenary of the Consecration of the Church of the College of Our Lady of Antigua, -College PP. Escolapios- were held in Monforte on August 2, 3 and 4, 2019.

Friday 2nd of August

• 7:30 p.m. Round table,

The Historical Artistic Importance of the Building of Our Lady of Antigua and the Social Value of Heritage Assets.

Introduced and Modernized, Mª del Mar Bóveda López. CC researcher. of Education, expert in intervention and social revaluation of Heritage.


– Ms. Rosana Guerra Pestonit, Dr. Architect.

– Ms. Luisa Serrano García, Architect.

– Mª Dolores Lago Arce, Historian and Restorer.

Writers of the Documentary Study for the Declaration of Good of Cultural Interest of the College of Our Lady of Antigua (Monforte de Lemos).

– Mr. Manuel Mª Chaín Pérez, Architect. Deputy Director General of Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Property of the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage (Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Xunta de Galicia).

That led us wisely through the essential elements of a technical, artistic, constructive and referential nature of the Cardinal’s building, highlighting the uniqueness of many of them and their influence on Galician architecture. They showed masterfully, supported by some very illustrative images, the details of the history of the building, its modifications, its values ​​that definitely endorse the building’s declaration as BIC

• 20:15 h. Official Inauguration of the IV Centenary conference.

Honored with the presence of Mr. Alberto Feijoo, President of the Autonomous Community of Galicia, Mr. President of the Diputación de Lugo who is also our Mayor, Mr. José Tomé Roca; Mr. Minister of Economy, Employment and Industry, Mr. Francisco Conde López; the Secretary of the Bureau of the Parliament of Galicia Ms. Raquel Arias Rodríguez; Mrs. Deputy of the Parliament of Galicia, Ms. Julia Rodríguez Barreira; the Director General of Cultural Heritage Carmen Martínez Insua; The General Director of Territorial Planning and Urban Planning, Mª Encarnación Rivas Díaz; the Rector of the PP. Escolapios de Galicia P: Eladio Rodríguez; the Manager of the Colegio de Nª Sª de la Antigua Foundation and Head of the PP College. Escolapios in Monforte; in addition to several mayors of the neighboring towns and how many monfortinos wanted to accompany us.

In this act, moderated by Mr. Pablo Blanco, Director of the PP School. Escolapios consecutively intervened Fr. Javier Agudo as manager of the Foundation that focused on the significance of the 400 years of the consecration of the Church, D. José Tomé Roca as President of the Provincial Council of Lugo and Mayor of Monforte de Lemos who spoke on the importance of Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro for the town of Monforte. Finally, Mr. Alberto Feijoo, President of the Autonomous Community of Galicia, who addressed some kind words to the College and Foundation, framed the act in its significance within the Ribeira Sacra and his will to preserve and give value to the heritage of the same for Enjoy future generations. Finally declaring the days of celebration of the IV Centenary open-

• 9:15 p.m. Concert in the Church of the School interpreted by the pianist Ernesto Maseda González and his wife Ana Gloria Peñate Puncet, who brilliantly and virtuously offered a varied concert of Latin American music on a piano and four hands, which surprised by its magnificent performance and colorful musical . All this in the environment of the church that, as is already known by all, offers a magnificent sound for music.

Saturday, August 3

• 11:00 h. – 12:30 h. Open day.

The Nª Sª de la Antigua School Foundation and the PP School. Escolapios offered the Villa de Monforte an open day so that those who wanted to can visit the monumental areas of the College, accompanied by the two guides of the Tourist Office as well as some teachers and a student who served as guides to visitors.

• 12:30 h. – 1:00 p.m. Lecture, The College of Monforte a Renaissance intuition of Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro. In charge of Father Francisco Javier Agudo, Foundation Manager.

Father Javier Agudo gave a lecture on the framework of the Renaissance and Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro setting the stage and actors for the great work written in stone of the Colegio de Nª Sª de la Antigua.

• 1:00 p.m. Concert in the Church of the College, performed by Mr. Manuel Randulfe Jácome, Director of the Professional Conservatory of Music “Adagio”. Due to an accident the day before, the announced concert had to be suspended due to force majeure, which was felt very much, wishing D. Manuel a speedy recovery.

Sunday, August 4
• 12:00 h. Celebration of the Eucharist in the Church of Nª Sª de la Antigua, which was presided by the Vicar of the Diocese D. Mario Vázquez Carballo, because Mr. Alfonso Carrasco Rouco, Bishop of Lugo, who had announced his presence, could not attend for a lumbar disease. The celebrant reviewed the significance of the act in connection with education, highlighting the figure of the Cardinal and of San José de Calasanz as founder of the first popular, Christian and free school in the world.

Here is this brief summary of the three-day activities in which we celebrated the IV centenary of the Church of the College and enjoyed the presence of many Monfortinos who shared with us the programmed events and the shouts of culture that we could offer.

Transfer of the Blessed Sacramento to the New Church on August 5, 1619

As reflected in the brief account, the day after the Consecration of the Church, the sacrament of the old Church was transferred to the new one. Thus they tell us the fact:

Cloister where the procession went and the altars were mounted.

Monday [August 5]: the Blessed Sacrament was moved from the old church to the new one. The procession began at a good time. The Lord Bishop carries the Blessed Sacrament under a very rich pallium; four clad priests, to Our Holy Father; and four others, the baby Jesus in richly seasoned walks, turning the entire cloister that, on both sides, was adorned with very colorful and very valuable hangings, with four altars at the corners, each with its canopy of rich fabric.

It would be long to paint the greatness of these altars, as the masters took pains in their composition. I only say that one had, among other great riches, a front that those who have seen the best in Spain put it before all of them: at last it is a gift from a potentate of Italy to a count of Lemos, viceroy of Naples, who was also the dome39 of the cloister, except for the pictures of all the martyrs of our Company, which, put [s] on the hangings, made him more colorful and pleasant for the Blessed Sacrament in all the altars. And the musicians sang so well and such carols that, although people were innumerable and excessive heat, they were not repaired in those, mostly when, without thinking, seven dances that were prevented from coming out.

The bishop arrived at the main altar to place the Blessed Sacrament on a throne that was formed above the custody, surrounded by bleachers adorned with the most lucid and precious of the oratory of the countess lady and riches left by the Cardinal, because each one which would be that I dare not paint. The front was made of silver cloth, all gold-plated with great cousin, which gave us His Excellencies with a chasuble of the mesmo and a canopy, which he has only made more than 800 ducats coast. The Counts did not put their weapons in him, but they set everything on Jesuses, showing in this to be all theirs of the Company: such is the friendship they make us.”