ABOUT THE TOPONYMY OF THE AREA OF OUR SCHOOL IN THE XVIth CENTURY

The original historical documentation does not include many references to original names on the lands where the school remains settled.

1. In the Conditions Document, drafted for the auction of the works, it is indicated “on […] the site which had been purchased by the order of Your Honour, going from the aforesaid town to the Hermitage of his lord San Lazarus. […] ».

2. In another Land Assignment document, “[…] it was mandated to build a church and a school, on the site next to the Hermitage of the San Lázaro Bridge, […]”.

3. The historian Armando Cotarelo Valledor, researcher of the archives of the school and author of a manual on the developer of the work, Cardinal Don Rodrigo de Castro, describes the place as “[…] in the lush banks of the Cabe River, in the west part of the town, past the stream and the so-called “El Arrabal”, towards the neighborhood of Carúa [sic], walking around the hermitage of San Lázaro ».

4. The term Carud is shown on the map of Fontán, although, according to it, Carud is located on the other bank of the Cabe River. At present, Carude is the name of a neighbourhood, a street and a square, all near the school.

The grounds where the school is settled are crossed by a stream. Cotarelo says that “[…] it adjoins the majestic Cabe on its north border, and the San Lázaro stream by the east, […]”. According to the given description, it seems to refer to the one which, currently, receives the name of “Riachuelo de las Malloadas”.

DOCUMENTATION FOR THE BIC DECLARATION

We have just posted on our website the extensive study carried out to obtain the BIC Declaration of our building. We draw attention to the magnificent work done by three people who have long studied and worked in the preparation of the documentation we now offer. This documentation is divided into two TOMOS of which we generate here two links for faster access and consultation. In the menu of this page, in Architecture / Documentation can also be found.

DATE OF DEATH OF D. FRANCISCO DE MOURE

We read in the article by Francisco Pérez Rodríguez entitled “SOME RELEVANT ASPECTS ON THE SCULPTOR FRANCISCO DE MOURE”: The date of his death needs to be reviewed. Until now it was accepted on September 15, 1636 as the date of his death because it was stated in the death certificate located in a parish book of San Vicente del Pino and that, literally, expresses:

Photo: Face of the Orante Knight of Francisco de Moure

«Moure escultor. En quince de Septiembre de 1636 murió Moure el escultor -enterróse C S. Francisco- mando decir en esta yglesia treinta misas. Y por verdad-ut. a.- Fr. Antonio de Torgda. cura de San Vicente».

However, this date is erroneous and must be advanced a few months, since the statement of the Corregidor and Mayor of the town of Monforte de Lemos does not raise any discussion that such an event occurs on June 20, the day on which he is notified death with the intention of obtaining the authorization of the inventory of the abundant movable and real estate left by the decedent…

Therefore, we must consider the date of June 20, 1636 as the most certain to place the death of D. Francisco de Moure in Monforte de Lemos.

REPAIRED THE RAVAGE OF THE ROOF

This week, the tiles have been placed again where the fallen stone of the tower had destroyed the roof. Quick and efficient repair, since our rainfall is high in these months, it was convenient to leave things as they should be as soon as possible.

We will briefly inform you of the steps to renew the tower auction.

THE CROSS OF THE TOWER LOCATED

In fact, thanks to a former student of our School, Manuel Garrido, and his magnificent drone, last Sunday February 2, in the afternoon we were able to locate the location of the great iron cross that fell on December 19 due to the hurricane wind suffered by Monforte. The cross is in a place of the same tower of very difficult access. We could also appreciate the damage caused to the roofs by the detachment of the fragments of the stone. We will try to repair the top of the tower as soon as possible. With a few simple images we realize the state of the cross.

THE DECEMBER VENDAVAL AND ITS EFFECTS

On December 19 in Monforte there was a lot of wind as in the whole region. La Voz de Galicia informed that day that Monforte was one of the towns most affected by Elsa. According to the newspaper, the rains and wind generated 112 more than a thousand incidents on the telephone and after the city of Lugo, the one in Monforte was the second one that generated the most calls.

These weather incidents affected the building of the College of the Cardinal. In fact the strong gusts of wind ended up breaking one of the granite balls that top each of the towers, specifically the one on the left. Apparently and as investigated the stone ball should already have a crack that between rain and ice subtracted strength from it. When blowing a continuous wind and with so much intensity the iron cross that finished off the set would vibrate until said tapping did the rest. The ball broke and the cross that apparently is still in the tower was lost.

This incident will be communicated to the corresponding Department of Heritage of the Xunta for your information.

Hopefully this architectural element can be replaced soon and return equality to the twin towers of our building.

Appearance of the tower before the storm
Appearance of the tower after the storm
Appearance of the tower after the storm

THE TABLE OF SAN JUAN INSTALLED IN LA PINACOTECA

The board of San Juan Bautista, recently restored, has been installed in the Pinacoteca. This table of S. XVI, is painted in oil, and is of a very good quality. We add here an already published photo of the restoration in addition to others at the time of being hung in the Pinacoteca, where we hope that soon it can be seen in all its splendor with a new and more modern lighting.

NEW MONTEA OF A DOME IN THE COLLEGE OF THE CARDENAL DE MONFORTE DE LEMOS

Rosa Ana Guerra Pestonit, in her work, with the same title as this entry, refers us to the following:

Figure 1 Detail of the plan of the vaults of the corner adjacent to the goal where the wall on which the new montea is located is indicated (drawing by the author 2011)

“During some work of lifting the vaults of the cloister, a fortuitous circumstance caused me to discover in one of its walls (figure 1) the traces of what turned out to be a second montea of its vaults. Surprisingly, it had gone unnoticed until now, despite being located in a busy place and not listed in any of the sources consulted. This is a drawing executed with red pigment, possibly almagre, on the masonry wall corresponding to the first vault adjacent to the entrance from the goal. 5 The drawing (figure 2) represents the development of an eighth of the edge vault corner, along with the elevation of the half of the arch form that generates it. The described vault is regular, square, is executed in stonework and is decorated with a simple molding. It shows the distribution of the segments in the arch, their correspondence with the courses of the vault and the squares of the container volumes of these courses. Dovelas and rows appear numbered in three places. On the development the exploded view and the moldings are restated. As a curiosity, a double line of moldings appears on the mountain, which in the execution was simplified by eliminating the interior molding (figure 3). ”

Figure 3 Photograph of the corner vault that takes place in the montea wall (photo by the author 2011)
Figure 2 Montea unpublished discovered on the wall of the cloister. Projection of the survey and measurement points on the rectified photograph (drawing and photo by the author 2009)

This article entitled NEW MONTEA OF A DOME IN THE COLLEGE OF THE CARDENAL DE MONFORTE DE LEMOS, has become obsolete when a third montea appears on the walls of the cloister, a finding that soon we will provide information.

DIFFICULTIES AND DISADVANTAGES IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CARDEAL BOARD: THE WOOD

In her study entitled “The effects of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 on the monumental heritage of Galicia”, her author Dª Begoña Ces Fernández two gives the following news story of the difficulties that were encountered in the construction of the College of the Cardinal:

“But the works had to continue throughout the seventeenth century, since the master Simón de Mosteiro worked in 1620 in the” front room that is now being done “but left the works in November 1622 because he lacked the school of funds to complete them ( Bonet Correa, 1984: 181-182) and among the documents kept in the Archive of the College, are mentioned some provisions of the Royal Court, dated April 14, 1625, January 5, of the effects of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 on the monumental heritage of Galicia 1653 and August 22 of the same year so that the timber needed was sold to the College and it was not prevented from passing the carts of stone through the accustomed sites.

The monks have repeatedly come to the Royal Audience to request their intervention. In 1625 the difficulty was that some laborers were preventing the passage of the stone chariots for the work of the church by the exits of their houses and fields, which meant that works were still being carried out in the temple after their consecration. In 1653 the problem had arisen because the College needed much wood to proceed with the enlargements they were making “for the increase of the generals in the said school for the public studies there and for the necessity of the subjects attending the said College” and the neighbors no longer wanted to sell it. The work they refer to is a bedroom in the north-facing cloister, from which the walls were already made but lacking beams and wood due to the difficulty of finding who was selling them. “