It is not usually normal to have more than one or two names, but according to historical documentation, normally written in Spanish, the school appears named in many ways, perhaps accusing the history and the various situations through which it has lived.
The most common and original name has been “Colegio de Nuestra Señora de la Antigua” or in Galician é “Colexio de Nosa Señora da Antiga”.
Other names with which it is cited are:
Colexio do Cardeal,
Colexio de Monforte,
Colexio da Compañía.
Popularly it is also known as the College of the Piarist Fathers,
San José de Calasanz School,
The cause of so many names is due to the circumstances of its history, such as the will of its founder, the Cardinal of Seville, Don Rodrigo de Castro, his first stage in the hands of the PP. Jesuits, its fame that defines it as the Monforte school, as if it were the only one in the city. At present it is under the ownership of the PP. Piarists.
Last Monday, the Minister of Culture and Tourism, Mr. Román
Rodríguez González visited last Monday, July 6, being able to verify the
magnificent result of the new lighting of the gallery, which has been largely
subsidized by his Ministry, specifically by the corresponding Tourism office,
which together with INEGA and FCNSdlA itself have contributed to the
implementation of this improvement.
The gallery of the Colegio de la Compañía de Monforte de Lemos already has a new lighting system that was designed with the aim of making it easier for visitors to see the valuable works of art that it keeps and also to guarantee its conservation. The spotlights that were located at the top of the room were mostly removed and replaced by other light sources that point directly at the paintings. “The installation was made in such a way that now the light seems to come out of the paintings themselves, which have gained visibility and can be seen much better than before,” said professor and priest Javier Aguado, president of the school’s board of trustees.
The new lighting has been applied to all the paintings, among which two original canvases by El Greco stand out —a San Francisco and a San Lorenzo— and five oil paintings on walnut wood, which are old copies of many other works by the Italian Renaissance painter Andrea del Sarto, with the figures of Saint Peter, Saint John the Baptist, Saint Catherine and Saint Margaret and Saint Agnes. The lighting of the showcases in the room has also been renewed, containing religious images, bibliographic pieces, objects for liturgical use and other elements. The light fabrics that served as background for these showcases were replaced by others of a dark color so that the pieces they contain can be better viewed. The light sources now used by the gallery are LED technology without ultraviolet or infrared radiation, with minimal thermal dissipation, following the standards currently recommended for the lighting of artistic pieces in this class. About 35,200 euros have been invested in the new facility, of which 20% was contributed by the school’s foundation. The rest of the financing was obtained thanks to an agreement with the Axencia de Turismo de Galicia and the Instituto Enerxético de Galicia.
Today, June 27, we had the first group of 20 tourists at 11:00, complying with the rules of distance and masks, but we were delighted to be able to show visitors one of the historical and artistic jewels of Monforte. These first tourists were able to enjoy the new lighting of the Pinacoteca that will be presented to the public media on Tuesday at 8:00 p.m.
Today’s visitors included an illustrious Galician, Mr.
Francisco Vázquez, ex-mayor of Coruña.
original historical documentation does not include many references to original
names on the lands where the school remains settled.
In the Conditions Document, drafted for the auction of the works, it is
indicated “on […] the site which had been purchased by the order of Your
Honour, going from the aforesaid town to the Hermitage of his lord San Lazarus.
In another Land Assignment document, “[…] it was mandated to build a
church and a school, on the site next to the Hermitage of the San Lázaro
The historian Armando Cotarelo Valledor, researcher of the archives of the
school and author of a manual on the developer of the work, Cardinal Don
Rodrigo de Castro, describes the place as “[…] in the lush banks of the
Cabe River, in the west part of the town, past the stream and the so-called
“El Arrabal”, towards the neighborhood of Carúa [sic], walking around
the hermitage of San Lázaro ».
The term Carud is shown on the map of Fontán, although, according to it, Carud
is located on the other bank of the Cabe River. At present, Carude is the name
of a neighbourhood, a street and a square, all near the school.
grounds where the school is settled are crossed by a stream. Cotarelo says that
“[…] it adjoins the majestic Cabe on its north border, and the San
Lázaro stream by the east, […]”. According to the given description, it
seems to refer to the one which, currently, receives the name of “Riachuelo de
We have just posted on our website the extensive study carried out to obtain the BIC Declaration of our building. We draw attention to the magnificent work done by three people who have long studied and worked in the preparation of the documentation we now offer. This documentation is divided into two TOMOS of which we generate here two links for faster access and consultation. In the menu of this page, in Architecture / Documentation can also be found.
We read in the article by Francisco Pérez Rodríguez entitled
“SOME RELEVANT ASPECTS ON THE SCULPTOR FRANCISCO DE MOURE”: The date of his
death needs to be reviewed. Until now it was accepted on September 15, 1636 as
the date of his death because it was stated in the death certificate located in
a parish book of San Vicente del Pino and that, literally, expresses:
«Moure escultor. En quince de Septiembre de
1636 murió Moure el escultor -enterróse C S. Francisco- mando decir en esta
yglesia treinta misas. Y por verdad-ut. a.- Fr. Antonio de Torgda. cura de San
However, this date is erroneous and must be advanced a few months, since the statement of the Corregidor and Mayor of the town of Monforte de Lemos does not raise any discussion that such an event occurs on June 20, the day on which he is notified death with the intention of obtaining the authorization of the inventory of the abundant movable and real estate left by the decedent…
Therefore, we must consider the date of June 20, 1636 as the most certain to place the death of D. Francisco de Moure in Monforte de Lemos.