NEW MONTEA OF A DOME IN THE COLLEGE OF THE CARDENAL DE MONFORTE DE LEMOS

Rosa Ana Guerra Pestonit, in her work, with the same title as this entry, refers us to the following:

Figure 1 Detail of the plan of the vaults of the corner adjacent to the goal where the wall on which the new montea is located is indicated (drawing by the author 2011)

“During some work of lifting the vaults of the cloister, a fortuitous circumstance caused me to discover in one of its walls (figure 1) the traces of what turned out to be a second montea of its vaults. Surprisingly, it had gone unnoticed until now, despite being located in a busy place and not listed in any of the sources consulted. This is a drawing executed with red pigment, possibly almagre, on the masonry wall corresponding to the first vault adjacent to the entrance from the goal. 5 The drawing (figure 2) represents the development of an eighth of the edge vault corner, along with the elevation of the half of the arch form that generates it. The described vault is regular, square, is executed in stonework and is decorated with a simple molding. It shows the distribution of the segments in the arch, their correspondence with the courses of the vault and the squares of the container volumes of these courses. Dovelas and rows appear numbered in three places. On the development the exploded view and the moldings are restated. As a curiosity, a double line of moldings appears on the mountain, which in the execution was simplified by eliminating the interior molding (figure 3). ”

Figure 3 Photograph of the corner vault that takes place in the montea wall (photo by the author 2011)
Figure 2 Montea unpublished discovered on the wall of the cloister. Projection of the survey and measurement points on the rectified photograph (drawing and photo by the author 2009)

This article entitled NEW MONTEA OF A DOME IN THE COLLEGE OF THE CARDENAL DE MONFORTE DE LEMOS, has become obsolete when a third montea appears on the walls of the cloister, a finding that soon we will provide information.

DIFFICULTIES AND DISADVANTAGES IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CARDEAL BOARD: THE WOOD

In her study entitled “The effects of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 on the monumental heritage of Galicia”, her author Dª Begoña Ces Fernández two gives the following news story of the difficulties that were encountered in the construction of the College of the Cardinal:

“But the works had to continue throughout the seventeenth century, since the master Simón de Mosteiro worked in 1620 in the” front room that is now being done “but left the works in November 1622 because he lacked the school of funds to complete them ( Bonet Correa, 1984: 181-182) and among the documents kept in the Archive of the College, are mentioned some provisions of the Royal Court, dated April 14, 1625, January 5, of the effects of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 on the monumental heritage of Galicia 1653 and August 22 of the same year so that the timber needed was sold to the College and it was not prevented from passing the carts of stone through the accustomed sites.

The monks have repeatedly come to the Royal Audience to request their intervention. In 1625 the difficulty was that some laborers were preventing the passage of the stone chariots for the work of the church by the exits of their houses and fields, which meant that works were still being carried out in the temple after their consecration. In 1653 the problem had arisen because the College needed much wood to proceed with the enlargements they were making “for the increase of the generals in the said school for the public studies there and for the necessity of the subjects attending the said College” and the neighbors no longer wanted to sell it. The work they refer to is a bedroom in the north-facing cloister, from which the walls were already made but lacking beams and wood due to the difficulty of finding who was selling them. “

It seems obvious, pois, that either Cardeal wanted to record proof for subsequent personal greatness

There is sufficient documentation on which Mr. Cardeal Rodrigo de Castro “in order to state all the architectural features as more limbs had to be constructed or building specifying that the dimensions should be included more“ measures second Vignola insignia not seu book of five orders of architecture ”193 and, in addition,

…. must be of Corinthian order”
  • “All members (architectural elements) and ornaments within the temple (…) must be of Corinthian order” specifying, with thoroughness, all the details to which the different architectural elements of the igrexa construction should be added ( pilasters, entablamento, arches, vaults, scallops, xanelas do cruziro, dome, ships laterais, choir, portas, …) as well as
    • at the quality of two materials to undertake (pedro berroqueña, and say granite, ben carved in everything or that does not properly walls), two decorative elements (balusters, pyramids and booms, …) and “propaganda” (shields) and, mesmo, it was stipulated that or official who started the work should finish it off if he could transfer it to another official, yet there will be several mestres of works that will intervene in construction (Irmáns Fatón, Simón de Mosteiro, …).
Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro

 Data two that could be deduced that, perhaps, or Cardeal desxes facer unha replica, even that on a smaller scale, do Escorial de aí or emprego do novo Escurialense ou Herreriano style that Felipe II, after or Council of Trento, imputes in Spain, and that can be defined as a faithful Spanish mannerism to the most pure principles of classicism and that seem to be as much or as Cardeal itself, among its six books there were some of art, such as works, Simón de Mosteiro, xa that a preserved document did not convince monfortino das Clarisas recolle that among those su pertenzas there were “outra pictures two temples of Rome (…) gornecidos en coiro”.

It seems obvious, pois, that either Cardeal wanted to record proof for subsequent personal greatness but, likewise, it gives Grandeza do territory or solar co that was identified and that it was or two six ancestors by isole that to work of Colexio , or mesmo that El Escorial, is unparalleled at any time.

WE FEEL VERY HONORED

There are events that are surprising, pleasant, curious…. Today from our WEB we want to share one of them. Days ago we received a subscription to our “Circle of Patrons” program from the United States. Our surprise was very great and we are very honored to know that the subscriber is a whole family and that of this family the father is descended in the ninth generation of D. Francisco de Moure and the children are therefore the tenth generation.

In the photos, the three children of this family: Grace, Lucas and Diego, are with one of the most significant works of his great-great-great grandfather, Mr. Francisco de Moure. This is the “Knight Orante of Santa María de Beade“, currently in the provincial museum of Orense.

We appreciate your trust in our Foundation.

Two pieces of the FCNSdlA FOUNDATION at the exhibition “GALICIA a world story”

Yesterday, November 14, the exhibition entitled “Galicia a world story” was inaugurated in which two pieces of our Foundation are exhibited. The inauguration was carried out by the Commissioner of the Exhibition D. Manuel Gago and finished off the interventions D. Alberto Núñez Feijoo.

The two programmed pieces are Sta Catalina one of the five works of Andrea del Sarto that are exhibited in our gallery and the Final Judgment of Giovani Bernardino Azzolino.

Witness and present at the opening of the exhibition I attached some photos of the installation of our works.

TWO WORKS FROM THE FCNSdlA COLLECTION COME OUT OF MONFORTE

On the occasion of the next exhibition at the Gaias Museum in Santiago de Compostela, “Galicia, a non-world story”, two of the paintings in our collection come out to be part of this exhibition.

Last week they were picked up and packed for transport to Santiago de Compostela.

The exhibition that under the name of “Galicia, a non-world story” aims to warm up engines for the events of Xacobeo 2021.

The selected works have been Sta Catalina by Andrea del Sarto and The Last Judgment by Giovani Bernardino Azzolino

Van der Goes’s copy of the Adoration of the Magi, which had been programmed initially was subsequently discarded for size and technical reasons.

We wish great success to the show.

JUAN DE TOLOSA S.J.

Tolosa, Juan de. Salamanca, 1548 – Monforte de Lemos (Lugo), 1598. Jesuit (SI), rigger, architect.
He had an artisan bonding in his family, finding himself related (Gutiérrez de Ceballos does not dare to specify if they were father and son or even brothers) with the rigger of the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Pedro de Tolosa, a teacher who introduced the influence of that Filipino work in the architectural style of the Valladolid area.

Juan could have worked with him, even before his entry into the Society of Jesus, in the city of Salamanca, in November 1572. He should not be the only member of his family who entered this religious institute, having followed him his brother Esteban, nineteen years younger than him. However, his first job as a Jesuit was that of a cook, to be linked a little later to that of carpenter and assembler.

He works in Monforte instead of Andrés Ruiz, who was absent from the factory repeatedly (probably due to the completion of the Lugo Seminary), named Jesuit Tolosa in 1593, master teacher of the works of the College. Tolosa will be the one who transforms the idea into matter from 1593, directing a large number of construction and stonework teachers. Although Ruiz returns to the factory and signs the traces of the annexes to the facade in June 1594 at the request of the Cardinal, who was from July to November of that same year in Monforte de Lemos, exactly this was not carried out but instead they modified the additions based on a new trace that responds to the Universal Trace that Tolosa will propose to the Cardinal, and that will lead to modifying the entire planimetric system to bring new meaning and symbolism to the College.
That there was a radical change between what was initially projected by Ruiz and what Tolosa materialized, is evident in the “Appraisal of the work and clauses for the continuation of the Monforte de Lemos College” that Tolosa himself performs in 1598, in which he says : “The trace in which they were finished was not saved, but everything should be removed and returned to another form.” Both what has been done so far and what has yet to be done have been modified, and this will be broken down throughout the work.
The plague arrived in Monforte in 1599, greatly reducing both the operators’ companies and the religious community, Tolosa being one of its victims.

THE FOUNDATION STORE

We have included in our WEB menu an access to our virtual store. For now there is nothing more for sale than Father Esteban’s book, 2nd Edition. Soon we will sell some souvenir of the College. From that menu you will have access to the store and the cart.

Fr. Esteban’s book entitled “COLEGIO DE Nª Sª DE LA ANTIGUA”

Therefore, if you want a copy of Fr. Esteban’s book entitled “COLEGIO DE Nª Sª DE LA ANTIGUA” you can BUY it through our store and we will send it to you shortly.

This option will be good for alumni and other people interested in our school, its history, its building … and who do not live in Monforte.

VALERIO CIOLI

Valerio Cioli, also called Cigoli or Giogoli was born in Settignano (Italy) in 1529 and dies in Florence in 1599, a year before Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro) was an Italian sculptor of the Mannerist era.

His most famous work is the Fontana del Bacchino del Giardino di Boboli, near the entrance of the Piazza Pitti in Florence. It depicts a jester from the court of Cosme I de Médici, ironically called nano Morgante (by Morgante, the giant of Luigi Pulci’s poem), naked and sitting on a turtle like a drunken Bacchus. In the same garden there are two other works by Cioli in collaboration with Giovanni Simone Cioli: the Uomo che vanga (“man who digs”) and the Uomo che scarica il secchio in un tino (“man who empties the bucket in a tub) Also among other known pieces is the allegory of the sculpture nothing less than in Michelangelo’s tomb.

From this famous sculptor we have in our church in Monforte the Christ in marble that was given to Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro by Felipe Segundo. Today we bring this entry on our page to have photographed the signature of Cioli, on the purity cloth of Christ, four photos that give us a complete message: VALERIUS CIOLIS · F · MDVC That we can well understand as De Valerio Cioli. Made in 1595.

VERMUNDO RESTA

He was born around 1555 in the Italian city of Milan, in the province of Umbria. His parents were Alejandro Resta and Isabel Milach. He moved to Seville in 1585 with Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro.

As first documented works, he adds that unfortunately disappeared, you were hospitalized from Espírito Santo and Do Amor de Deus for those who were traced between 1587 and 1588, both of which were completed in 1602. They were expressly in charge of Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro, who was in charge of Hispanic archdiocese from 1582 to 1600.

He was appointed senior teacher of the Archbishopric of Seville in 1588. Between 1601 and 1603 he carried out some minor works and some commissions for the Alcazar and in 1603 he was appointed senior master of it.1 The role of this Milanese may have been to project only the facade of the church, since its composition, orders and decorative motifs of Italian progeny are clearly unmarked from the rest of the factory that follows the classical Mannerist conception. Its design does not correspond to the line that Ruiz, Tolosa or Monasterio followed. On the other hand, the acroteras and auction pyramids are surely designs added afterwards by the teachers who worked in the factory. The fact that he did not arrive in Monforte until the summer helps him as tracer of the facade of the church. of 1593, therefore exempt from controlling the collection of materials and the realization of the foundations, and thereafter remained 15 months, sufficient time to at least raise all the details of the facade, which is not known when it was finished , but it is known that it was before 1598, since at that time the facade of the College was finished off as it is exposed in the appraisal of Juan de Tolosa.