THE CHURCH OF THE COLLEGE OF THE CARDINAL MODEL FOR THE CLERGY OF SALAMANCA.

As we know, Simón de Monasterio committed to the contractual obligation to continue and finish the “third” part of the Church, that is, the flat head with which the Church is finished, which we believe had to be finished before 1613, since this year the dome and one of the two towers were finished, missing the other that was about to be finished.

The technical expertise shown by Simón de Monasterio in terms of covering the space by means of barrel vaults and cupola will be highlighted later in the contract for another Jesuit work, this time it is the Clergy of Salamanca; in one of his clauses “it was foreseen that the Monastery would raise the vaults and the dome of the temple, at which point he had demonstrated his expertise during the construction of the same elements in the Church of the College of Monforte.”

As we see the good work of Simón de Monasterio and the magnificent result of his work in Monforte were shown for another of the great Spanish monuments of Jesuit trace, whose works began in 1617 under the protection of Margarita de Austria, wife of Felipe III, at to appear as an act of reparation to the order for the prison suffered by its founder, Ignacio de Loyola, by the Inquisition in the mocha tower of the Cathedral of Salamanca. Completing in 1754.

THIS WEEK THE WORKS HAVE STARTED

In fact, it would have to be said that the preparations for the works have begun. At the rear of the church a container with material has already been installed. The work booths will be installed shortly and the area reserved for exterior work will begin in the “tunnel” area, marking sufficient safety margins so that they do not interfere with the presence of students at recess.

In the same way, the entire front of the Moure altarpiece has already been scaffold so that it can be fully protected, before raising the rest of the scaffolding that will completely cover the presbytery.

For a sample we attach three photos that speak for themselves.

THE COLLEGE OF THE ESCOLAPIOS EVACUATION HOSPITAL 1937

Monforte Evacuation Hospital staff and admitted
Monforte Evacuation Hospital, staff and admitted

As Fr. Esteban tells us in his book on the Piarist College, “Fr. Rector, aware by some confidence, that the military command had thought to install an Evacuation Hospital in this College, went ahead to offer it to him. ; Offer that was accepted with gratitude and, immediately, the accommodation works began, being inaugurated on March 13, 1937 with the first wounded who arrived from the Somosierra front (Madrid). The military asked that the College of Administration take charge, and Fr. Julio Beltrán began to take it, who was replaced, at the end of October, by Fr. Alfonso Díez Yebra, who continued until the end. Father Desiderio Saiz was in charge of carrying and controlling the ups and downs and Father Alonso Feijoo of the wardrobe. For spiritual assistance, the Bishop sent an Office appointing Father Rector as Chaplain, with the power to delegate, which he did to Father Benjamin Navarro, who carried out his duties with the great zeal and charity that characterized him.

The left part of the College was also taken by the military for Recruitment Barracks, leaving the right part of the façade for boarding and classes, with its cloister and gallery, plus some free spaces that were provisionally enabled. “

There are two books in the archive of the foundation, one on expenses of the aforementioned hospital and the other is a list of the deceased in it.

We are proud of the continuity of educational activity since the founding of the school. Not even the civil war, which interrupted so many things, could interrupt the school’s teaching work.

List of the Presidents of the board of trustees from the Fondación Colegio Nª Sª de la Antigua

As is known in the charter of the Foundation of Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro, among other things, he specified the following:

And he named the Lords of the house of Lemos starting with the Hon. Mr. Don Fernando Ruiz de Castro, who is presently present and continuing those who perpetually succeed him ahead….

We attach here the list of those who have been patrons of the Foundation made by Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro in 1593 and that continues to this day …

HOW THE INSCRIPTION ON THE DOOR OF THE CHURCH OF OUR SCHOOL WAS SAVED

Days ago we spoke in an entry of this WEB of the inscription that is on the door of the church. We add something about it that may be of interest to our readers.

After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Monforte by order of Carlos III, the Prosecutor of His Majesty Don Pedro Rodríguez Campomanes, ordered that all the arms, emblems and symbols of the Society of Jesus be erased, with the obligation to put in their place the “Royal Arms of the Crown.”

It was, at that time, Corregidor de Monforte D. Bernardo Cayetano Losada y Somoza, who was commissioned by the Government to take over the affairs of this “Royal House of Education” and eagerly assumed the task of making the shields, emblems and symbols disappear of the Company that erased …

– the anagram of the Jesuits of the two main doors of the façade,

– from the upper internal part of the doors that connect the church with the two cloisters,

– from the main altar

– from the pulpit

– and four rose windows in the vault of the main cloister.

There is a tradition among the people of Monforte, according to which this Government Commissioner, after erasing all the insignia of the Jesuits that he could, even wanted to erase the inscription that exists, although somewhat deteriorated, on the main door of the church, But, when he began his destructive work, a gentleman of the town, seeing what the Commissioner wanted to do, could not contain his indignation, he approached determined to prevent him, pulling the ladder where he was standing, causing him a resounding fall, with great damage to their physical integrity.

Given this fact, opinions were divided into two opposing sides and some disorders occurred, but the inscription was never erased, and some damage caused in such an attempt can still be seen.

RESTORATION WORKS AND PROVISIONAL CLOSURE OF THE CHURCH OF LOS ESCOLAPIOS

In an entry on this page of March 12 of this year, entitled “VISIT OF THE COSELLEIRO DE CULTURA” we reported on the restoration works that are going to be carried out in the Cardenal College building, affecting the church, among other areas . After a meeting held last Friday, April 30, and after addressing the intervention and safety studies, it has been decided to provisionally close the church to worship because it is impossible to combine worship and restoration works.

Therefore from next week the service will be closed until next August, we understand that at the end of it.

Since the main works have to be done when there are no children at school and for that, take advantage of the months of June, July and August.

We really feel this circumstance that in some other case has been repeated. In the eighties of the last century because of a lightning strike and at the beginning of the twentieth century due to the restoration works, a circumstance that forced the church to be re-consecrated as stated on the marble plaque that is located in the presbytery.

SOME CURIOSITIES OF THE SCHOOL

Father Esteban Martínez tells us, in his book on the Colegio de Nª Sª de la Antigua, that for the good organization and progress of the College, after the expulsion of the Frs. Jesuits of Monforte by order of Carlos III, the Countess of Lemos, Mrs. Rosa María de Castro, commissioned her confessor, Dr. D. Melchor Borruel, to draw up some “Constitutions or Regulations”, which would serve as a norm and guide for the development of school life. She knew how to reflect them in the 34 chapters that make up said “Constitutions or Regulations.” They are striking for their rigidity and demands, which, to a modern mind, would seem too rigorous and almost inhuman, but it was the usual in those days.

To illustrate what has been said, we copy some of the provisions that most reflect the mentality of the times in which they were written.

The second chapter contains the obligations of the students, both internal and external, she says like this:

1°) The children of the Schools, Grammarians, Philosophers and Theologians will attend every day to the literary exercises at the appointed hours, and with the greatest punctuality, to the Seminary Mass, as well as the days of study and those of party and holidays.

2 °) At the ring of prayers they will be collected from their homes and will not leave them again until the next day; not occurring any urgency that makes it precise and indispensable.

3 °) All card games are strictly prohibited; tabas and dice; and they are only allowed that; on holidays and holidays; in the afternoon; They can enjoy fair and honest games on the College Field and not elsewhere.

4th) They are banned, equally, entry into taverns; suspicious ovens and houses.

5 °) Likewise, they are prohibited from keeping hunting dogs; shotguns; pistols and any other genre of weapons.

As we can see, the concerns of those times were different, but we can see the concern for the good of the students and their good customs….

FCNSdlA ACCOUNTS 2020

Having just counted the accounts of the FCNSdlA, they show the following balance of income and expenses, although we note the € 11,309.16 that the foundation contributed from its own funds to meet the expenses of the past 2020.

We want to thank all those who have made donations for their effort and interest in maintaining the cultural heritage and educational quality of Colegio PP. Piarists.

CLOSE TO CARDINAL RODRIGO DE CASTRO TO FELIPE II

Card. Rodrigo de Castro

Starting in 1546, Rodrigo de Castro lived under the protection of his brother, Pedro, who had been promoted to the bishopric of Salamanca and who in 1548 was appointed chaplain to the still Prince Felipe. This allowed Rodrigo de Castro to be part of the entourage of the future monarch, who in that year began a great triumphal journey through the territories of the Empire. He returned to accompany Philip II in 1554, when he traveled to England, on the occasion of the King’s marriage to Queen Maria Tudor. The following year he went to Rome, commissioned – as secretary of the figure – to help his other brother, Fernando Ruiz de Castro, Marquis of Sarria, in his difficult but successful embassy before Paul IV. In 1559, credited as a skilled diplomat, he returned to Spain and received priestly orders in Cuenca. Shortly after, he participated directly, as an advisor to the Supreme Council of the Inquisition, in the long process against Archbishop Carranza, Archbishop of Toledo.

Prince Philip, future King Philip II

At the end of 1564, he was commissioned by Felipe II to manage in Rome the authorization that would allow the Inquisition itself to be sentenced.

After several months of sterile negotiations, Rodrigo de Castro chose to suggest an intermediate solution: the sending of a special legacy with broad powers, which would sentence Carranza in Spain.

His good offices were decisive to achieve the concord granted in Elvas, on Christmas Eve 1580. Shortly after, Rodrigo was proposed to rule the archdiocese of Seville; But before taking possession of it, he had to attend a new royal commission: to receive in Barcelona the Infanta Maria, widow of Emperor Maximilian II, and accompany her after her to Lisbon, where Felipe II had planned to wait for her. After fulfilling the assignment, in which he invested a good part of the year, Rodrigo still remained in Lisbon for nine months, intervening as a witness at the same time in the process that followed Antonio Pérez, former royal secretary.

King Philip II

In the summer of 1598, Rodrigo de Castro moved to the Court, responding to the call of Felipe II, who died shortly after his arrival. In Madrid he still remained for several months and at the beginning of the year he moved to Valencia, as the late monarch had commissioned him to receive the future queen Margarita in Vinaroz. The de Castro returned to Seville in mid-May, Cardinal Rodrigo de Castro, whose life would be extinguished shortly after his return to Seville, stood out as a detached protector of writers and artists, but his memory survived above all due to his gestures and foundations, all generously endowed. The Collection of Lost Girls and the Annual Alms for Poor Prisoners are well known in Seville, as well as the support he provided to the schools of San Hermenegildo and San Gregorio and other Jesuit foundations in Jerez and Écija. But more than these stood out those that benefited his native Monforte; here ended the Franciscan convent founded by his grandfather, Count Rodrigo Osorio, and continued by his mother, Countess Beatriz, who died without seeing them finished.

Card. Rodrigo de Castro

In 1593 he also founded the magnificent Colegio de Nuestra Señora de la Antigua – better known as del Cardenal – in Monforte de Lemos, which was his great project and whose management he left entrusted to the Society of Jesus. He died on September 18, 1600. He was buried in the Cathedral of Seville and later, in 1603, according to what was expressed in his will, which he had granted on August 12, 1598, his remains were transferred to the church of the Montfort school. that he had founded.

MONFORTE ALREADY SUFFERED A MAJOR EPIDEMIC IN 1598

In the book that Father Esteban Martínez wrote about the Colegio de Nª Sª de la Antigua, he gives news of an epidemic that severely affected the works. He tells us like this:

“The works continued, at the beginning of 1598, under the direction of Juan de Tolosa; but, a few months later, they suffered another stoppage, perhaps due to the shortage of workers caused by a terrible epidemic that, coming from France, spread rapidly through Spain, becoming more serious in Santander and Galicia. Six of this Jesuit community died, among them the Rector, Fr. Juan Sa, and his successor, Fr. Juan de los Cobos, “an amateur and expert in architecture, who was not content to encourage the workers, but he He himself was working so that the College could be used as soon as possible.

Others left, after resisting for some time, leaving only, for two or three months, Brother Valentín Rodríguez, guarding the house and other property, in the company of some dogs. “

Thus we find news about this epidemic of which it was said.

«La ronda de pan y huevo», obra pintada hacia 1624 por Luis Tristán (1585-1624) – Museo de Santa Cruz

“Starting from the Cantabrian Sea, the plague ravaged Castile between 1598 and 1602, being more virulent in the north and west of the peninsula. Historians such as Bennassar and Pérez Moreda underlined its intensity, with an average mortality rate of over 60%, as well as its dire consequences for the economic development and social balance of the neighborhoods. ” (ABC Toledo 03/05/2020)

“« The plague that struck Vigo in 1598 only left 22 of the 800 existing houses without being infected » Jorge Lamas, Vigo / La Voz 04/11/2020

Felipe Aira, historian from Monforte published in the Voice of Galicia an article in this regard, entitled -Monforte, closed at the end of the 16th century due to the plague and a “cold epidemic” from which we take part of a municipal document of the time.

«En la villa de Monforte de lemos a catorce dias del mes de julio del nobenta y ocho años, el licenciado Ruy gomez corregidor desta villa dixo que por quanto las puertas de esta villa y los postillos de la cerca en las partes que estan caidas y la puerta de nuevo se hiço en la puente y otras que estan en Santo antonio estan mal hechas y todo tiene necesidad de repararse de nuevo y de cerrarse del todo algunos caminos para guardedela peste y que no entren en estadha villa y suarrabaldo persona ninguna de los pueblos inpcionados».

This epidemic was the culprit of another stoppage in the works of the College.

J.A.G.